The Ocean is the heart of the planet. Water covers more than two-thirds of the planet’s surface. Sea plants, like Posidonia, produce 70% of the oxygen we breathe, and the deep waters are home to wildlife and some of the largest creatures on earth. It supplies us with food, jobs, life, entertainment, and even sailing! Without it, we cannot survive. Why should we care so much about the animals that reside in the ocean? Does it matter if a species disappear? What exactly does this mean for us?
SEVEN REASONS WHY THE OCEAN IS IMPORTANT.
- The Ocean Produces More Oxygen Than The Amazones.
It’s often thought that rainforests are the main source of oxygen on Earth, but the truth is that rainforests are only responsible for 28 percent of the oxygen in the world while oceans are responsible for 70 percent. It doesn’t matter how far we live from the sea, from every ten breaths you take seven come from the sea.
Maybe you have seen a tree in the middle of the sea? No, right? That is because the Ocean does not require them, the phytoplankton has it covered. Phytoplankton is a microscopic plant, a component of the plankton, which spends its life being carried by oceanic currents. These small little organisms behave in the same manner as shrub leaves do on land. Phytoplankton absorbs carbon dioxide and releases oxygen. We don’t see them, so we are inclined to forget about them if we even know about them at the first location. They are one of the smallest beings on Earth, but among the most important to have around, keeping us alive.
- The Ocean Regulates The Earth Climate.
In many ways, the ocean modulates our climate. It soaks up the heat and transports warm water from the equator to the poles, and cold water from the poles to the tropics. Without these pollutants, the weather will be extreme in some areas, and fewer areas are tilted.
It regulates rain and droughts. Holding 97 percent of the water of the planet, almost all rain that drops on land stems from the ocean. The sea absorbs CO2, to maintain the carbon cycle, and thus temperatures in the world, in balance. It is like our global climate management system.
- It’s an Important Source of Food.
The ocean is the number one source of protein for more than a billion people. Fish accounts for approximately 15.7% of the animal protein consumed worldwide. Although, not everything is fish and seafood. Humans have traditionally employed algae and sea plants for cooking sushi, blossom pencil from the Philippines, sea turtles, dulse, etc.. There is an increasing tendency of using algae and sea plants within our daily and start-ups such as, “That is seaweed…” are making sure to present it at our supermarkets.
Considering the world population growing by 1.5 million people every week, we’re relying upon the ocean more and more for survival, and we need different and nutritious food resources. For people who aren’t into eating insects, edible shellfish might be a good alternate.
- Many Creatures Depend and Reside In the Ocean.
The ocean isn’t only home to us sea lovers, but its home to the greatest abundance of life on our planet. When you sail across an ocean, you may see dolphins, whales, or a turtle popping up to take a breath. That is exactly what we see on the surface; there is more life under the ocean’s surface than on land. Experts predict there are over 300.000 distinct species underwater and is still not clear how many of these we understand.
All of the creatures that reside in the Ocean play an essential role in the trophic chain of the ecosystems. Due to climate change, the ocean has been warming and dropping oxygen, and its pH has been decreasing. Many marine species have already been adjusting their geographic and depth ranges with fluctuations in sea temperature. But, not all species may be able to move to avoid thermal stress, and global warming has already been correlated with mass mortalities in the Mediterranean.
With more than 60 percent of the planet’s population living on the shore, we all rely on a wholesome sea just as much as these gorgeous creatures.
“THE SEA, THE FANTASTIC UNIFIER, IS MAN’S ONLY HOPE. NOW, AS NEVER BEFORE, THE OLD PHRASE HAS A LITERAL MEANING: WE ARE ALL IN THE SAME BOAT.”- JACQUES YVES COUSTEAU
- The Finest Holidays are Near the Water.
The ocean is a happy-zone! Our temple, our life, our second house, our exhilaration place. It is where we swim, surf, sail, dive, chillax, and ‘lime’. Family vacations and Sundays frequently happen on the beach. It carries us to new lands, and connect with nature and each other.
- Many Jobs are Related to Sea Activities.
The FAO estimates on the most recent official statistics indicate that 59.6 million people in the entire world were engaged in fisheries and aquaculture in 2016.
Just at the European Union level, the blue sector represents 3.362.510 of jobs, in 9 subsectors: coastal and maritime tourism, Aquaculture, Renewable Energy, Mineral Resources, Biotechnology, Fisheries, Shipbuilding, and Ship repair, Offshore Oil and Gas, and Transport. 90 percent of the world trade is created by the sea. From the U.S. near 3 million jobs are dependent on the resources of the oceans and fantastic Lakes.
The ocean gives jobs to fishers, lifeguards, surf educators, harbors, (free) diving schools, marine-based tour operators, water sports businesses, holiday lodging, and, obviously, ocean nomads!
- The Ocean Has Therapeutic Properties.
Did you know that the anti-viral drugs Zovirax and Acyclovir have been got out of nucleosides isolated from Caribbean sponges? Or Yondelis, developed from small soft-bodied marine creatures, was the first medication of marine sources to fight cancer?
When we dip into the water, our internal dolphin gets released. We heard this when we began freediving. When our face rolls water, then our heart rate instantly slows down, and blood flow moves in the extremities to the mind, heart, and vital organs of our body. It wakes us up and makes us feel vibrant and alive.
The ocean is therapeutic. When we see, feel, hear, smell, or taste water we are joyful and at peace. Studies have proven that the so-called blue spaces can directly reduce psychological stress and improve mood.
Despite this, we still know more about Mars than we know about the sea! A healthy sea keeps us healthy in the world. We are alive right now because of the oceans. Now the ocean has to be kept alive by us. The choices we make now determine our future, and our children’s future. We have the responsibility to care for the sea as it cares for us.